Max Fisher, writing in September 2021 when the Supreme Court first upheld Texas’s restrictive abortion ban that seems likely to now overturn Roe v. Wade, notes that curtailed women’s rights tends to be a feature of less democratic societies:
Curbs on women’s rights tend to accelerate in backsliding democracies, a category that includes the United States, according to virtually every independent metric and watchdog.
In more degraded democracies, the effect is more extreme. Around the globe, the rise of right-wing populism has been followed by extraordinary reductions in women’s rights, according to a 2019 report by Freedom House.
Strongmen often curb civil society as a whole, of which women’s groups tend to be leading members. And they rise on appeals to nationalism, with its calls for rigid social hierarchies and mores.